It is essential to invest in technical research to drive the creation of sustainable agriculture solutions. The move towards the Agriculture 4.0 paradigm is facilitated by developments in the Internet of Things, sensors and sensor networks, robots, artificial intelligence, big data, and cloud computing, among others. This fourth revolution is now viewed as a potential solution for enhancing agricultural growth and meeting the future demands of the world’s population in an equitable, resilient, and sustainable manner.
- Agriculture 4.0 plays a significant role in determining the future of the agri-food sector since its pillars are the three most important characteristics of sustainability. These initiatives seek to provide economic, social, and environmental advantages in an ethical and just way.
- Agriculture 4.0 entails the application of current technology to create data for real-time processing, analysis, and decision-making.
- Agriculture 4.0 intends to make agri-food systems more sustainable, reduce food losses and waste, and enhance food security in an effort to end world hunger and malnutrition.
Agriculture is a critical activity for human survival, producing food, feed, fibers, fuel, and raw materials, as is generally known. The world population is projected to exceed 8 billion by 2025 and almost 10 billion by 2050. (Moratiel et al., 2020). This will result in a considerable rise in the amount and quality of demand for several human necessities, mainly food. Global food production must increase by 60–70% to meet these demands. (Powell et al., 2012).