The circular economy (CE) proposes the restorative use of resources to prevent raw materials from becoming waste. This article seeks to provide a comprehensive overview of the concept of CE, and its closely linked notions, with the intention of establishing a mutual understanding. However, using these concepts interchangeably can lead to confusion and unclear definitions. Therefore, it is crucial to establish a clear definition of the CE and distinguish it from enabling conditions or additional requirements for its implementation.
- The circular economy (CE) promotes recycling and prevents raw materials from becoming waste through restorative use of resources.
- There is no explicit agreement on what a CE entails, as different scholars have proposed varying definitions, and using other concepts interchangeably can lead to confusion and unclear definitions.
- Cradle-to-cradle is a related concept to the CE, which aims to minimize the environmental impact of products by implementing more sustainable production, distribution, and disposal practices, as well as socially responsible products.