Tourism is one of the most promising and dynamic industries on the planet. Planning and developing tourism purposefully and sustainably are critical to seeking compromises between society’s environmental, economic, and social goals. The management of sustainable tourism development must maintain a high level of satisfaction for tourists’ needs, provide a considerable experience for consumers, raise their awareness of environmental issues, and spread sustainable tourism practices among them.
- Sustainable tourism development is a dynamic process constantly confronted with new challenges.
- Social tourism may aid in the creation or preservation of tourist destinations.
- Social sensitivity and economic welfare are among the most significant elements of sustainable development.
Travel has already become an inseparable part of most people’s lives. A passion for travel cannot be defeated by global problems or the threat of terrorism. In the year 2019 (UNWTO, 2019), approximately 1.4 billion people traveled around the world. However, like any other economic sector, tourism not only provides some economic benefits to states but also causes serious problems, such as excessive energy consumption and increasing adverse environmental effects such as climate change. Also, as tourism and travel expand, nature is wasted, tourist destinations suffer from high tourist flows, and the local people’s quality of life suffers. To reduce negative tourism effects, the United Nations World Tourism Organization declared 2017 the year of sustainable tourism and invited the entire world population to travel while adhering to the principles of sustainable tourism and giving back to local communities (UNWTO, 2017).