“Lean and green thinking” enables enterprises to implement sustainable business models that reduce waste, improve material efficiency, and cut costs. However, lean and green are still evolving, and many institutions are still determining how lean thinking can help organizations become more sustainable. This article reviews the literature on how lean and green initiatives can promote sustainable business practices.
- Lean thinking is a business approach that improves customer value by eliminating non-value-added activities.
- ‘Lean manufacturing’ is a new approach in the manufacturing sector used in sustainable business models to maximize material and energy efficiency.
- Lean and green models can help businesses achieve the best results by incorporating sustainable concepts like resource productivity and cleaner production.