Sustainable development means meeting present needs without compromising future needs. Economic, ecological, social, and cultural sustainability are all part of it. Sustainable development has intra- and inter-generational equity and multiple approaches. Its key measures will be discussed here.
- Sustainable development optimizes natural resource use with high reusability, low waste, low toxic byproducts, and high productivity.
- Environmental ethics raises awareness and responsibility for human impacts on nature.
- Environmental ethics can support sustainable development by moralizing conservation and preservation.
Conservation of environmental resources means managing how people use the biosphere so that the current generation gets the most out of it while keeping its ability to meet the needs of future generations (Verma, 2019). This more recent concept of development has become known as sustainable development, defined as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising future generations’ ability to meet their own needs (Pearce & Atkinson, 1998). Gro Harlem Brundtland, the Prime Minister of Norway and the head of the World Health Organization (WHO) from 1998 to 2003, gave this definition in 1987. She was the head of the United Nations Environment and Development Commission (the Brundtland Commission). She published the 1987 report ‘Our Common Future,’ also known as the ‘Brundtland Report’ The International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) World Conservation Strategy from 1980 affected the above definition of the principle of sustainable development (Brundtland, 1987).